Did you know?Here are a few interesting facts about Montenegro you might don't know, to get you excited for your trip.
Montenegro got its name meaning 'Black Mountain' from the dark mountain forests that cover the land. The name dates back to the era of Venetian hegemony over the area in the Middle Ages. Other languages belonging to nearby countries also used their own language to describe Montenegro as the Black Mountain.
Montenegro is home to 117 stunning beaches. Some are very popular town beaches attracting hundreds of locals and visitors while other beaches need a bit more exploring. You can talk to locals if you want to find some of the country's best kept secret beaches, or can check out our Best Beaches here.
The Boka Bay is the southernmost fjord in the entire world. It is located in southwest Montenegro and is a winding bay on the Adriatic Sea. The fjord used to run from high up in the mountain plateaus of Mountain Orjen. The bay has been inhabited for many years and has amazing Medieval towns to explore. The picturesque towns of Kotor, Risan, Tivat, Perast, Prčanj and Herceg Novi, along with their natural surroundings, are great places to visit along the bay.
Tara Canyon is the deepest canyon in Europe. The canyon is 82 kilometres long and at its deepest, it is 1.3000 meters (4.300 feet) deep. It is a part of Durmitor National Park and it is protected as UNESCO World Heritage Site. One of the best ways to see the canyon is to do a river rafting trip. The 11-mile trip takes two-three hours and passes through 21 rapid sections. The adrenaline-fuelled trip is said to be one of the best due to its drop in elevation in such a short distance. Hold on to your tummies!
The Ostrog Monastery is one of the biggest sanctuaries in the world and is dedicated to Saint Basil of Ostrog (Sveti Vasilije Ostroški), who was buried here. It is visited by people of all religions. It comprises of the Upper Monastery and the Lower Monastery. This monastery is one of the most visited shrines in the Christian world. The amazing structure was carved in rocks on the side of a mountain in the 17th century.
The oldest tree in Europe lives in Bar: The Old Olive Tree is over 2,000 years old, and more than 100,000 olive trees in the municipality of Bar are more than 1,000 years old. Its volume is about 10m. The tree is the traditional trademark of this area and it is believed to have many legends attached to it: one of them is that families would visit the tree to make peace during a dispute.
Skadar Lake is the largest lake in the Balkans. The lake lies on the border between Montenegro and Albania and is named after the north Albanian city Shkodra (Skadar). The lake's surface is six metres above sea level and varies between 370 and 530 square kilometres, two-thirds of it being in Montenegro. This section of the lake is surrounded by a beautiful national park which is home to some of the last remaining pelicans in Europe.
There are five National Parks in Montenegro, covering 7% of its landmass.
The National Park Lovcen on the Lovcen Mountain is a national park since 1952, and it features the territories of two municipalities, Cetinje and Budva. It is on the border of two completely different natural climates and experiences the influence of both. Close to the Adriatic coast, it covers an area of 6220 ha.
The National Park Durmitor with 32,519 ha of surface area, protected by UNESCO since 1980, includes the entire Durmitor massif, with an average altitude of 1,500 meters. More than 48 mountain peaks are over 2,000 metres high with the highest peak Bobotov Kuk, with the altitude of 2.525 meters.
The National Park Biogradska Gora is located in the central part of the mountain massif of Bjelasica, between the rivers Tara and Lim. The landscape of this area is made up of forests, meadows, aquatic areas and mountain springs. In addition to the Biogradsko Lake, this park is also decorated with other ice lakes, covering the area of 5.650 ha.
The 2/3 of the National Park Skadar Lake belongs to Montenegro, and 1/3 to Albania, with the total area of 40.000 ha. It has been a national park since 1983, and in 1989 it has gotten its IBA status- an area of international significance for bird stay. It is registered on the World Wetlands of International Importance - Ramsar List so it is a great spot for birdwatchers, explorers, wine lovers etc.
Finally, the youngest National Park Prokletije was established in 2009. It is located on the border between three countries: Montenegro, Kosovo, and Albania. Covering the area of 16.630 hectares, it has numerous peeks with the altitude over 2.000 meters. The interesting fact is that the highest Montenegrin peak is located at Prokletije, Zla Kolata with the altitude of 2.534 meters. Magnificent massif will take your breath away!